Unmanned Traffic Management
Within Unmanned Traffic Management (UTM) system architecture, UAS Service Supplier (USS) supports UAS fleet operations. USS is interconnected with FAA / ANSP systems, Supplemental Data Service Providers (SDSPs), Public Safety and other USSs.
Operators planning to manage BVLOS are required to share operation intent with other operators and airspace stakeholders. Intent data includes operation volumes and the associated active times. Operation volumes are four-dimensional (4D) shapes with specified ceilings and floors that encompass the operation’s flight profile within an authorized area of operation.
The 4D nature of the volumes enable Avision USS to de-conflict operations prior to and during the flight to maximize safety. Intent information is made available by operators to UTM participants and other airspace users to promote situational awareness and support cooperative interactions. USS further assists with in-flight separation responsibilities via a pre-defined communication protocol and facilitates avoidance of flight hazards.
UTM Operators must be capable of tracking their vehicle and remaining within the bounds of their shared intent volumes. Avision USS assists operators in meeting this requirement through vehicle tracking and conformance monitoring services whereby UAS transmit near-real time tracking data to the USS. The USS provides services that enable operators to monitor the unmanned aircraft’s position and conformance to applicable system-based boundaries during BVLOS portions of flight.
UTM provides the ability to prioritize use of airspace for operations deemed a public priority through the issuance of Dynamic Restrictions for other UTM operations in the affected airspace. Dynamic Restrictions limit UAS access to blocks of airspace, are generally short in duration and smaller in size than a constraint such as a TFR. Avision USS provides Operators with real-time notifications regarding the restriction and accommodates real-time adjustments to operation intent.
Contingency planning is performed via development of plans and triggers for unexpected operational anomalies. In the event of contingency, the operator is responsible for notifying the USS of a change in status which allows affected airspace users to be alerted. Avision USS supports the operator in meeting this obligation through communications with affected UAS operators, appropriate FAA entities, and other airspace stakeholders.
As a means to ensure safety of the airspace and persons and property on the ground, and ensure security and privacy of the public, public entities can access UTM operations data in real-time. For example, Remote ID data request can be routed directly to public entities such as the FAA, law enforcement, Department of Homeland Security, or other relevant government agencies on an as-needed basis.